In the fourties, research into the active substances of the cannabis plant started. Scientists wondered if the substances have medicinal properties.
The discovery of CBD
In 1940, Roger Adams subtracted the substance CBD from the Cannabis Sativa L. plant. He didn’t exactly know what this new chemical was. Years later, other scientists began to understand dat he was the first person that discovered a cannabinoid. In 1946, the first tests on animals were performed and it was discovered that animals didn’t get high from CBD.
The chemical composition of CBD and THC
The research on cannabinoids developed quickly since the year of 1963. A team of researchers in Israel, led by Dr. Raphael Mechoulam, could describe the structure of CBD to the molecule. In 1964 they did the same with THC. They also discovered that these substances have an effect on people through the endocannabinoid system. During the following years, more and more substances where discovered, belonging to the family of the cannabinoids.
21 new cannabinoids discovered!
In the last couple of years a big increase is seen in the number of researches into everything there is to know about the cannabis plant. More and more countries remove the illegal status of the cannabis plant. This gives scientists more room for their studies in complete freedom.
We know more and more about the importance of the endocannabinoid system for a healthy life. And we know that the substances that give the plant his scent, named terpenes, can also have a positive effect on our body. Also, scientists keep discovering new cannabinoids. This year, researchers have found 21 new cannabinoids. So the number is now 132 cannabinoids!