CBD and other cannabinoids

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the best-known cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. Another highly familiar one is TetraHydroCannabinol (THC). These are just two chemicals from a much larger family. So far, a total of 111 cannabinoids have been discovered. Some of these substances have been tested for medicinal properties, but many others have not. It is estimated that in total, more than 400 different cannabinoids exist.

What is THC?

THC is the substance that can cause people to get high. In addition, THC breaks down into residual substances, one of which is CBN (cannabidiol), which can also get people under the influence. Other cannabinoids have different effects on the body, although they do not get us high.

The particular combination of substances produced by a specific plant depends on several factors. First among these is the plant variety involved, also known as a ‘strain’. Different cannabis strains will produce different amounts and different kinds of cannabinoids. In addition, factors such as the soil type the plant grows on, its nutrition, and the amount of available sunlight add to the equation. Summing up, all the environmental factors determining where and how the plant grows help determine the cannabinoid content of the final product.

What is the difference between CBD and THC?

First and foremost, many people are not aware of the fact that the substances made by the plant are acids. Inside the plant, CBD is CBDA, while THC is THCA; the A is for ‘acid’. These acids have their own particular medicinal properties. In a process known as ‘decarboxilation’, these acids can change into substances called ‘active cannabinoids’. The main difference between these two classes of substances is the fact that while people can´t get high from THCA, they can from THC. The chemical structure of the molecule has changed to the point where it affects the body in a different way. Below, you will find a summary of several cannabinoids and their medicinal properties.

Cannabinoids and their properties

Cannabidiol (CBD):

Antibacterial, analgesic, muscle relaxant, anti-inflammatory, promotes bone growth, protects nerves, reduces epilepsy, suppresses muscle spasms, lowers blood sugar levels, improves immune system, reduces clogging of arteries, reduces constriction of small intestine, reduces nausea, suppresses anxiety, soothing, reduces skin problems, dilates blood vessels, impairs cancer cell growth.

Cannabidivarin (CBDV):

Analgesic, promotes bone growth, reduces epilepsy.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC):

Antibacterial, analgesic, muscle relaxant, anti-inflammatory, protects nerves, antioxidant, improves appetite, suppresses muscle spasms, widens respiratory tract, improves immune system, reduces pressure on eyeballs, reduces stress levels, reduces nausea, counters asthma attacks, impairs cancer cell growth, reduces menstrual pain, promotes good sleep.

Cannabigerol (CBG):

Antibacterial, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, reduces nerve pain, possibly counters cancer cells, antidepressant, promotes good sleep, antifungal, promotes bone growth, reduces pressure on eyeballs, reduces skin problems.

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV):

Restricts appetite, promotes bone growth, reduces panic attacks, reduces tremors, reduces epilepsy.

Cannabichromene (CBC):

Antibacterial, analgesic, antidepressant, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, promotes good sleep, promotes bone growth, stimulates generation of nerve cells, impairs cancer cell growth.